Cretan grape varieties Grapes grown in Crete, Greece
Making a quick reference to the grapes for wine making, we would say that they have a tougher skin and juicy flesh in contrast to table grapes that have a thin skin and crisp flesh. The aromatic compounds, the pigments of red grapes (anthocyanins) and tannins are in the skin.
The main grape sugars are glucose and fructose. The main acid in grapes is tartaric. Sugars and acids are important in oenology because they determine the balance of wine flavour. The content of these substances depends each time on the variety, the subsoil, the climate as well as the ripening time of the grapes. There are many native Greek-Cretan grape varieties.
Overall, there are more than 300 precious native greek grape varieties that produce wines of different character. Each wine has its own personality which depends on the geological history of the production place, on the vineyards as well as on the winemakers, their tradition and culture.
In Douloufakis vineyards we cultivate Cretan, Greek and International grape varieties.
Learn about the Grape Varieties from Crete, Greece
Assyrtiko is a white variety, indigenous to the island of Santorini, where the vineyard contributes to the picturesque aesthetic of the island’s landscape. Assyrtiko, however, is being cultivated throughout the Aegean Sea. It has been classified as a noble white variety, and is one of the most renown greek varieties internationally.
A unique variety, that dates back to the 3rd and 2nd century BC. As it has perfectly adapted to the warm climate of Crete, Liatiko manages to create delicate wines, full of finesse that can accompany every meal. This unique variety gives each wine an exquisite bouquet of aromas, with fresh red fruits dominating.
An old indigenous cultivar, which is also mentioned as "Avidiano". Vines of Vidiano were scattered among other varieties in the old vineyards of Crete. It is a vigorous and productive variety, late-ripening in the Dafnes vineyard and resistant to heat.
Vidiano gives us wines with rich, fruity aromas, full body and balanced acidity.